Ladies and gentlemen, boys and girls...the mnemonics.
The following is a collection of memory aids that you may find useful in studying for your exams. While helpful, there are not substitute for the 14-16 hours per night that you should be studying (everyone else is). Feel free to print them out and share them with your friends and family.
Disclaimer: The following mnemonics may contain the word "vagina."
|I ||On ||Oh ||Olfactory |
|II ||Old ||Oh ||Optic |
|III ||Olympus ||Oh ||Oculomotor |
|IV ||Towering ||To ||Trochlear |
|V ||Tops ||Touch ||Trigeminal |
|VI ||A ||And ||Abducens |
|VII ||Finn ||Feel ||Facial |
|VIII ||And ||A ||Auditory |
|IX ||German ||Girl's ||Glossopharyngeal |
|X ||Viewed ||Vagina ||Vagus |
|XI ||Astounding ||And ||Accessory |
|XII ||Hops ||Hymus ||Hypoglossal |
|I ||Some ||Sensory |
|II ||Say ||Sensory |
|III ||Marry ||Motor |
|IV ||Money ||Motor |
|V ||But ||Both |
|VI ||My ||Motor |
|VII ||Brother ||Both |
|VIII ||Says ||Sensory |
|IX ||Big ||Both |
|X ||Breasts ||Both |
|XI ||Matter ||Motor |
|XII ||Most ||Motor |
You have I nose & II eyes
I - Olfactory n.; II - Optic n.
LR6 - SO4 - R3
|LR6 ||Lateral Rectus ||VI abducens |
|SO4 ||Superior Oblique ||IV trochlear |
|R3 ||Remaining eyeball movers ||III oculomotor |
Branches of the facial nerve
Ten Zombies Bought My Car
Two Zulus Buggered My Cat
Temporal, Zygomatic, Buccal, Masseteric, Cervical
C3-4-5 keep the phrenic nerve (or diaphragm) alive
C5-6-7 raise your arms to heaven (nerve roots of long thoracic nerve innervate serratus anterior)
C5-6-7 "mus...culo...cutaneous?" © Eros Sanchez 1999
Innervation of the penis
S2,3,4 keeps the penis off the floor
Refers to the innervation of the penis by branches of the pudendal nerve which is derived from spinal cord levels S2-4.
Point, Shoot, Score
Parasympathetic for erection, Sympathetic for ejaculation, Somatomotor for . . .
Structures that pass through it:
Luscious French Tarts Sit Naked In Anticipation Of Sex
Lacrimal nerve, Frontal nerve, Trochlear nerve, Superior branch of oculomotor nerve, Nasociliary nerve, Inferior branch of oculomotor nerve, Abducent nerve, Ophthalmic veins, Sympathetic nerves
Points of exit for Trigeminal nerve
Standing Room Only:
V1 - Superior orbital fissure
V2 - foramen Rotundum
V3 - foramen Ovale
Old People From Texas Eat spiders
Pest of 6:
Occipital, Parietal, Frontal, Temporal, Ethnoid, Sphenoid
Randy Travis Drinks Cold Beers:
Roots, Trunks, Divisions, Cords, Branches
Extensor Compartment of the Arm
|Beer ||Brachioradialis |
|Eating CReoLe ||Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus |
|Eating CRaB ||Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis |
|Eating Dog ||Extensor Digitorum |
|Eating Dog's Mother ||Extensor Digiti Minimi |
|Even Cathy's Underwear ||Extensor Carpi Ulnaris |
ABC'S of the aortic arch:
Aortic arch, Brachiocephalic trunk, the left common Carotid, and the left Subclavian artery
The duck is between two gooses:
duck = thoracic duct
2 gooses = azyGOUS vein and esophaGOUS
Order of structures in groin (from lateral to medial)
Nerve, Artery, Vein, Empty space, Lymphatics
Muscles inserting into humerus
A lady between two majors
Pectoralis major attaches to lateral lip of bicipital groove, the teres major attaches to medial lip of bicipital groove, and the latissimus dorsi attaches to the floor of bicipital groove.
The "lati" is between two "majors"
"Lateral is less, medial is more"
Lateral pectoral nerve goes through pectoralis major, while medial pectoral nerve goes though both pectoralis major and minor.
Some Lovers Try Positions That They Can't Handle
Scaphoid, Lunate, Triquetrum, Pisiform, Trapezoid, Trapezium, Capitate, Hamate.
Rhmye Time: "Tensor Fasciae Latae, Gluteus Med & Min...first abduct the femur, then rotate it in."
All other gluteal muscles are lateral rotators of the femur.
BONUS: Tensor Fasciae Latae, Gluteus Minimus, and Gluteus Maximus are all innervated by the Inferior Gluteal Nerve.
It innervates the Brachioradialis, Extensors, Supinator, Triceps.
It innervates the Lateral 2 Lumbricals, Opponens pollicis, Abductor pollicis brevis, Flexor pollicis brevis.
Brachial Plexus Lesions
D - wrist Drop (is caused by...)
R - Radial nerve lesion
C - Claw hand (is caused by...)
U - Ulnar nerve lesion
M - Median nerve (lesion causes...)
A - Ape hand
From Anterior to Posterior: "Tall Damsels Are Never Very Happy"
Tibialis posterior, flexor Digitorum longus, posterior tibial Artery, tibial Nerve, saphenous Vein, flexor Hallucis longus tendon
It measures 1x3x5 inches, weighs 7 ounces and lies between ribs 9-11.
Never Let Monkeys Eat Bananas:
Neutrophils, Leukocytes, Monocytes, Eosinophils, Basophils
Brent Spiner Gained Lieutenant Commander
Grandpa Shagged Grandmas Love Child:
Basale/Germinativum, Spinosum, Granulosum, Lucidum, Corneum
Bone - Bone is collagen type I
Cartwolage - Cartilage is collagen type II
Under construction . . . get it?
|Goodness ||Lateral Rectus |
|Gracious ||Superior Oblique |
|Father ||Fructose-6-P |
|Franklin ||Fructose-1,6-diP |
|Did ||Dihydroxyacetone-P |
|Go ||Glyceraldehyde-P |
|By ||1,3-Bisphosphoglycerate |
|Picking ||3-phosphoglycerate |
|Pumkins ||2-phosphoglycerate |
|PrEPare ||Phosphoenolpyruvate [PEP] |
|Pies ||Pyruvate |
Citric Acid Cycle
|Oh ||Oxaloacetate |
|Citric ||Citrate |
|Acid ||Aconitate |
|Is ||Isocitrate |
|Of course ||Oxalosuccinate |
|A ||Alpha-ketoglutarate |
|SiLly ||Succinyl-CoA |
|STupid ||Succinate |
|Funny ||Fumarate |
|Molecule ||Malate |
Dicarboxylic acids (alpha, omega) from C2-C10
Oh My, Such Good Apple Pie, Sweet As Sugar:
oxalic, malonic, succinic, glutaric, adipic, pimelic, suberic, azelaic, sebacic
In the Phasted (fasted) State, Phosphorylate:
Phosphorylation cascade active when blood glucose low.
EXons EXpressed, INtrons IN the trash:
DNA expression into mature mRNA
Pyrimidines are "CUT" from purines.
Pyrimidines are Cytosine, Uracil, Thiamine and are one ring structures. Purines are double ring structures.
Go Sally Go! Make Children!
G1, S, G2, M, C
Growth phase 1, DNA Synthesis (replication), Growth phase 2, Mitosis, Cytokinesis.
Causes of Deviations from Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium
Maggie May Does Not Smoke
Mutations, Migration, genetic Drift, Non-random mating, Selection.
People Meet And Talk, or
Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase.
Prophase I, Metaphase I, Anaphase I, Telophase I,
Prophase II, Metaphase II, Anaphase II, Telophase II,
(Note: 4 haploid daughter cells instead of 2 diploid daughter cells)
Beta Adrenergic Receptor Distribution
One heart, two lungs
heart is primarily beta-1; airway is beta-2
Chemoreceptor Trigger Zone
Sara Hates Men On Drugs
Serotonin, Histamine, Muscarinic agents, Opioids, Dopamine
Little Boys Prefer Toys
Lidocaine, Bupivicaine, Procaine, Tetracaine
"Go Find Rex, Make Good Sex"
Glomerulosa, Fasiculata, Reticulata
Mineralocorticoids, Glucocorticoids, Sex hormones
F: Follicle Stimulating Hormone
L: Lutinizing Hormone
G: Growth Hormone
T: Thyroid Stimulating Hormone
Autonomic Nervous System
Sympathetic: fight or flight
Parasympathetic: rest and digest
"Profitable Businesses Pollute Our Rural Environment"
Proerythroblast, Basophilic, Polychromatophilic, Orthochromatic, Reticulocyte, Erythroblast
Vitamins A,D,E, and K
Oxyhemoglobin Dissociation Curve
Think of an exercising muscle for a rightward shift:
Exercising muscle is:
acidic (lactic acid),
and has increased 2,3-DPG.
It benefits from oxygen unloading from red blood cells.